When abnormal cells that can eventually become cancerous grow on the surface of the cervix. Cervical dysplasia is caused by the Human Papillomavirus (HPV) which is a sexually transmitted infection. It affects up to a million women in the United States alone every year, mostly between the ages 25 of 35. Cervical dysplasia is a precancerous condition that has no symptoms, so the only way it can be found is during a routine pap smear. With proper management and treatment, more than 90% of cases can be cured. Even though cervical dysplasia is easy to screen, treat, and prevent from becoming cervical cancer, cervical cancer remains the second leading cause of cancer deaths among women. (Regular gynecological exams can be life saving!) One of the most effective ways to prevent cervical dysplasia is to get vaccinated against HPV.